natural collagen gel 100 pure
Collagen Boosting Gel Hyaluronic Acid Serum
... and irritation. Australian made and owned. 100% Natural, Vegan, Certified Cruelty-free, Gluten-free. Palm Oil-free. This serum, previously called Collagen Boosting Gel, has been reformulated, adding Banskia Extract ...
Recovery Skin Boost
... Recovery Skin Boost is a light-textured yet powerful gel created to hydrate, nourish, soothe and revitalise all ... collagen matrix and strengthen damaged capillary walls and blood vessels. It also supports the skin's natural ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Hydra Drench Gel Cream
... gel is rich in omega fatty acids to deliver water to the skin cells, while hyaluronic acid locks in hydration, plumps the skin and speeds up collagen ... a hit of nutrient-rich hydration. 100% Pure products are packaged in ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
50% Vitamin C Mask
The 100% Pure 50% Vitamin C Mask is a skin brightening treatment concentrated with Vitamin C to support collagen and elastin production, for enhanced firmness and elasticity. Fruit enzymes, beet lactic acid, and ...
Plant Collagen Plumping Serum
... skin to unveil a more smooth, firm and radiant looking complexion. The Plant Collagen Plumping Serum uses a unique type I Collagen fragment produced in wild plants, which has been clinically proven to provide a burst ...
Collagen Balm Vanilla
... lips, dry elbows, knees and even on stretch marks. Key Ingredients: Gelita® Sol C Hydrolysed Collagen Peptides Micro collagen molecules absorb into the epidermis and create a film on the skin's surface. Sunflower Seed ...
Collagen Balm Natural
Nutra Organics Collagen Balm in Natural is a hydrating multi-purpose balm infused with micro collagen peptides. This unique balm is made with Nutra Organics GELITA® Sol C Hydrolysed Collagen Peptides and nourishing oils ...
Marine Collagen Firming Night Cream
... the unique properties of Australian Banksia Extract to help plump fine lines, promote elasticity and support collagen production, it also contains Tasmanian Kelp to hydrate and soften skin and aid with moisture retention ...
BOOST Hyaluronic Collagen Booster
... dryness. Reinforces skin barrier for improved protection and comfort. 100% natural origin of total, 23% organic of total. The BOOST Hyaluronic Collagen Booster improves the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines by ...
The Jojoba Company
... left soft and supple with a rejuvenated, firm appearance. Benefits: Plumps, tightens & firms Stimulates Collagen production Visibly reduces fine lines & wrinkles Results from clinical tests^ show: 133% increase in skin ...
Bd Luminosity Face Serum
... as it penetrates the skin's deeper layers to support elasticity, delay the breakdown of collagen, and promote new collagen formation. In addition, this superfruit serum helps to improve hydration, reduce inflammation and ...
Night Lip Serum
... lip moisture barrier while protecting from water loss. Organic Pomegranate Plant Sterols, Beet Extract, and Vegan Collagen are also added to help improve lip cell structure, increase lip volume and fight signs of aging ...
Time Miracle Age Defence Day Cream
... is formulated to support natural dermal collagen, repair skin structure, ... 100% confirmed visibly reduced fine lines and wrinkles with improved skin elasticity and firmness 62% showed improved synthesis of dermal collagen ...
Daily Vitamin C Serum
... and boost radiance. Vitamin C, Kakadu Plum and Marine Extracts help provide evenly-toned skin while strengthening collagen and elastin for a healthy glowing complexion. Suitable for: All skin types. Skin that is prone to ...
Pomegranate & Peach Rejuvenating Sheet Mask
... Skinfood Pomegranate & Peach Rejuvenating Sheet Mask is a concentrated blend of Pomegranate Extract, Peach Extract and Collagen in a single-use, bamboo sheet mask, and is formulated to nourish and replenish the skin to ...
Avocado Pear Nourishing Night Cream
... Zealand and processed using a natural, environmentally friendly extraction technique ... Effects of Antipodes Products on the Production of Type I Collagen in Human Skin Fibroblast Cells in Culture, Concentrations Between ...
Avo Cocoa Skin Food Mask
Andalou Naturals Avo Cocoa Skin Food Mask is a powerful combination of Resveratrol, CoQ10, PhytoCellTec® Fruit ... healthy cell production and promote the formation of collagen. Ubiquinone is a very readily absorbed form of ...
BioActive 8 Berry Fruit Enzyme Mask
Andalou Naturals BioActive 8 Berry Fruit Enzyme Mask is a skin-renewing combination of Fruit Stem Cells, ... -rich and can help to protect and repair the collagen and elastin found within the cells by penetrating deep ...
Microneedle Dermal Roller .25mm Beginner
... areas. Rolling the device over your face as directed can help to rejuvenate your skin, improve your collagen and elastin production which can make your skin tighter and more youthful, thus creating a more vibrant ...
Firming Eye Lotion
... and prone to fine lines and wrinkles. Key Bio-actives: Fucoidan Extract from Wakame helps prevent collagen breakdown, smoothes wrinkles and promotes elasticity. Paracress Extract targets the loss of skin firmness and the ...
Mukti Dermal Roller .3mm Intermediate
... needling tool inspired by ancient acupuncture techniques. Lightly rolling the device over your face can support collagen production and create a more vibrant complexion. It's also effective for uneven skin tone, fine ...
Fruit Stem Cell Revitalize Serum
... ; Resveratrol from red grapes and Co-Enzyme Q10 support skin health and functionality including the production of collagen and elastin which support skin texture and youthfulness. Made in the USA with a minimum of 70 ...
Hyaluronic Marine Serum
... significantly inhibits the action of enzymes that destroy collagen and elastin. It also offers protection against ... Chamazulene, from Blue Tansy flowers, has natural anti-inflammatory properties and helps to protect ...
Butt Naked Body
Hydrate Hero Thirsty Skin Serum
... Skin Serum by Butt Naked Body helps to deeply hydrate and rejuvenate the skin, supporting collagen production using antioxidant properties. Packed with Australian native ingredients like Finger Lime and Lilli Pilli ...
Cranberry Bio Exfoliating Scrub
... Cane and Bilberry break down the dead skin cells for deep exfoliation, while Kakadu Plum promotes collagen production. Fine Bamboo particles and Diatomaceous Earth gently remove dead cells for a brighter and clearer ...
Cryo Facelift Ice Cube Treatment
-3 x 8ml Pods + Muslin Cloth
... to stimulate new cell growth, boosts collagen and decrease inflammation. The pack comes with three individual 8ml treatments and one reusable muslin cloth. Made in Australia, 100% Natural, Certified Cruelty Free & Vegan.
The Herb Farm
Transforming Bakuchiol Face Oil
... Hemp, Apple Seed, and Rosehip Oils, combined with the natural retinol alternative Bakuchiol Oil for youthful, glowing, and smooth skin. Key benefits: Supports collagen production and skin elasticity gently and safely for ...
The Beauty Chef
Probiotic Skin Refiner
... helps to remove dead skin cells, while the collagen-boosting Lactic Acid helps to plump and moisturise skin. It ... turnover as they refine the skin, strengthening its natural barrier and boosting its immunity. After use, ...
Bakuchiol 4% Natural Retinol Alternative Booster
La Mav Bakuchiol 4% Natural Retinol Alternative Booster is formulated with 4% Bakuchiol and adaptogenic ... Bakuchiol is a 100% plant-derived vegan Retinol alternative to support collagen production and cellular turnover ...
Organic Phytofuse Renew™ Eye Cream
... the visibility of dark circles, is boosted by collagen-boosting Resveratrol. A powerful, polyphenol-rich antioxidant that ... Eye Cream is part of the first 100% Natural, Vegan and Organic botanical skincare range enriched ...
Vitamin A Repair Oil
... with 2% Bakuchiol (natural Retinol alternative) to help increase collagen and elastin production for ... : Bakuchiol is a 100% plant-derived vegan retinol alternative to improve collagen production and cellular turnover ...
Commiphora Plumping Serum
... Ultra Plumping Serum. Improved formula and packaging! La Mav Commiphora Plumping Serum is a potent collagen-boosting serum that helps to reduce and prevent the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Paracress Extract ...
Vitamin-C Brightening Oil
... grade 'stable' form of Vitamin C to promote visibly brighter and evenly-toned skin, while supporting collagen synthesis. Essential for normal skin function, vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that helps to fight the ...
The Base Collective
Glow Restore Triple Serum
... spots and fine lines. Key ingredients: Magnesium Chloride Remineralises the skin directly to boost natural collagen production, calm and reduce redness, inflammation and irritation. Hyaluronic Acid This serum contains an ...
Anti Dark-Circle Eye Gel
... The La Mav Anti Dark-Circle Eye Gel is an advanced light cooling gel to help revive and lighten the delicate ... brighter and evenly-toned skin, while supporting collagen synthesis. Essential for normal skin function, ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Vitamin C Serum
... must-have, vitamin C is believed to help brighten the skin, boost collagen production, promote healthy looking skin. This Vitamin C serum by 100% Pure also includes Green Apple and Grape extract as well as Evening ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Vitamin C Boost Concentrated Treatment
The 100% Pure Vitamin C Boost is a water-activated powder treatment, offering a potent dose of stable Vitamin C ... formula promotes a brighter complexion while supporting collagen and elastin production for firm, supple skin ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
... Acid and Sea Collagen to help the skin look awake and fresh. The masks are composed of a Hydrogel base, a material made of 95% water and 5% plant cellulose, which helps the skin absorbs the natural formulation to leave ...
Natural Beauty Reset Box
... need to reset and start your journey to the best in natural. What's included: Andalou Naturals Avo Cocoa Skin Food Mask | 50g Weleda - Skin Food Light | 30ml 100% Pure - Bright Eyes Mask Nourished Life - Overnight Mask | ...
Bright & Beautiful GoodnessMe & Nourished Life Box
... Pomegranate Firming Day Cream Nourished Life Wild Marine Collagen Powder Super Berry Sachet 6g Supercharged Food Love ... | Sample Size Life Basics SPF 30 All Natural Facial Sunscreen The Jojoba Company Ultimate Youth Potion ...
Vitamin Booster Vital C Elixir
... extract which targets areas of the skin damaged by the heat. Active ingredients stimulate the production of collagen so that dry, wrinkle-prone skin is firmer, brighter and smoothed, while sunspots and pigmentation are ...
Bf Restore Face & Body Serum
... Hydration. This Biologi Bf Restore Body Serum contains 100% active Finger Lime, which is a concentrated ... protect the skin as it promotes the production of collagen, supports elasticity and suppleness, and brightens and ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Green Tea EGCG Concentrate Serum
... elasticity and stimulates collagen production for ... 100% Pure products are packaged in post-consumer recycled plastic, glass, and paper, and printed with biodegradable, non-toxic vegetable ink. Made in California. Natural ...
Vitamin A+B+C Daily Face Cream
... a lightweight, antioxidant-rich face cream formulated with natural plant extracts bursting with Vitamins A, B and ... the skin and aid in the production of collagen. Australian made and owned. Certified Cruelty-free, ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Multi-Vitamin + Antioxidants PM Eye Treatment
... area a dramatically brighter, firmer appearance, this 100% Pure Multi-Vitamin + Antioxidants PM Eye ... spots, support cellular repair and the production of collagen and elastin, reduce inflammation and even out skin ...
... ) assist in improving cell turnover and stimulating collagen production as well as improving skin hydration. ... s microbiome to restore radiance Repairs skin's natural barrier Hydrates, tones and firms Controls sebum ...
Honey Love Microderm Exfoliator
... with iron oxides and helps to boost circulation, mildly exfoliate, reduce inflammation, tighten pores, support collagen and elastin production and encourage new cell growth. - Corundum Crystals, which are antibacterial ...
Pomegranate Firming Night Cream
... which is renowned for its ability to promote collagen and elastin production. This cream also includes golden ... Cream & Face Serum. Made in Germany. NATRUE Certified Natural. GMO & Cruelty Free. Certified Biodynamic & Fair ...
Sleeping Beauty Purifying Mousse
... and nutrient-rich to provide essential hydration plus improve collagen and skin elasticity. Australian Pink Clay and Zeolite ( ... Made in Australia. Packaged in special 100% recyclable dark violet MIRON Glass bottles. ...
Noni Bright Vitamin C Serum
... -inflammatory benefits and assist in reducing the appearance of pigmentation. They also support the production of collagen to boost the skin's elasticity for a brighter, more youthful appearance. Consumer Studies Results ...
Bm Regenerate Anti-Ageing Serum
... and protect the skin. Amino Acids also help reduce skin redness and irritation. Anthocyanin encourages collagen production to help support damaged skin, providing a glowing and youthful complexion. Rutin helps to ...
Superfood Brightening Face Oil
... redness and calm inflammation. In addition, the micronised extract of Brown Algae promotes the skin's natural collagen production, and Commipheroline®, a botanical extract from north-west India, works to enhance the ...
Luminous Eye Serum
... the Andalou Naturals Brightening range uses Fruit Stem Cell Science® to help reduce hyperpigmentation and brighten the eye area. Formulated with Vitamin C, known to help reduce pigmentation and boost collagen, with Green ...
Beauty Vibe Micro-Vibration Wand
... promote blood flow, thereby helping to trigger collagen production, improve the elasticity of skin and ... in order to enrich the skin and support its natural regeneration process. Australian made and owned. Certified Cruelty ...
Kokoleka Purifying Mask
... lymphatic drainage and support the production of collagen. In addition, Aloe Leaf, Organic Coconut ... moisturise, soothe and soften the skin while supporting natural healing processes. For the final touch, essential oils ...
Vitamin Booster Vital B Elixir
... Mountain Pepper Berry Extracts it helps to boost collagen production, enhance skin clarity, reduce pigmentation, ... the skin's natural barrier. Vital B Elixir also includes Mukti's own unique, natural and vegan form ...
Vitamin Booster Vital A Elixir
... a skin-brightening, night-time elixir containing a natural, active derivative of Vitamin A and botanical extracts ... been shown to inhibit the enzymes that breakdown collagen, while CoEnzyme Q10 and Apricot Kernel, Buriti ...
Wrinkle Defence And Brightening Fluid
... pigmentation. Key Bio-actives: Vitamin C promotes visibly brighter and evenly-toned skin, while supporting collagen synthesis. Essential for normal skin function, vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that helps to fight ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Retinol Dream Trio Skincare Pack
-3 Item Pack
Become a beauty sleep pro with the 100% Pure curated PM skincare kit, designed to improve texture and tone ... -aging vitamins, stem cells, and peptides promotes collagen production, elasticity, and lessens the appearance of ...
Vita Rich Creme
... from water loss while deeply hydrating and locking moisture in. It delivers minerals, stimulates collagen production while improving plumpness and glow. Gluten free. Leaping Bunny Certified Cruelty-free. Recyclable ...
Vitamin C DUO Pack
-2 Item Pack
... for anyone who wants a glowing complexion! Benefits of Vitamin C: Helps improve radiance and even skin tone Fights dullness Help fade dark spots Supports collagen production Made in New Zealand. Certified Natural. Vegan.
Bakuchiol Restorative Serum
... Plum. Suitable for all skin types. This natural facial serum harnesses nature's own super-plant ... skin. Bakuchiol is a potent antioxidant that stimulates collagen production and cell turnover like Retinol but is gentler ...
... , and is formulated to deeply hydrate, promote circulation and calm inflammation as it helps to fight signs of premature ageing and support the natural formation of collagen and elastin. Australian made and owned. Vegan.
... Serum by Cannabella is formulated to help boost collagen, balance skin hydration, soothe irritation, reduce redness ... from free radicals and environmental stressors. Australian Made. 100% Botanical. Cruelty free & Vegan.
Complex CoQ10 Serum
... Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that works to help boost collagen, fight free radicals, and soften the appearance of fine ... skin that you'll love to show off! Australian Made. 100% Botanical. Cruelty free & Vegan.
Joyous Protein-Rich Night Replenish Serum
... the skin's ability to retain moisture, contains natural alpha-hydroxy acids to help break down dead skin ... Healing of Wounds and the Production of Type II Collagen and Elastin in Human Skin Fibroblast Cells in Culture, ...
Brilliantly Brightening™ Night Cream
... includes Argan Stem Cells to help the skin's natural repair process and Moroccan Argan Oil to help deeply ... overnight cream also contains 2% Chlorella to help strengthen collagen and elastin fibres. Made in the USA, GMO ...
Nourishing Repair Treatment
... Rosewood, it delivers skin-plumping hydration and potent antioxidant action as it supports the skin's natural production of collagen and elastin, and helps to reduce visible signs of ageing and minimise the appearance of ...
Culture Probiotic Night Recovery Water Cream
... . Kalibiome AGE Probiotic has been clinically shown to help increase skin elasticity & firmness, increase collagen production, reduce roughness, and calm skin. This night cream also contains ultra-hydrating plant-based ...
Salt by Hendrix
Eye Babe Eye Treatment Oil
... signs of premature skin-ageing around the eyes. Enriched with Vitamin C, which is necessary to stimulate collagen production, this lightweight oil also contains Vitamin A to promote healthy cell production, Acai Oil to ...
... C D and E, this anti-ageing serum helps to boost the skin's natural regeneration processes to support the formation of collagen and stimulate the turnover of cells, promote elasticity, diminish the appearance of wrinkles ...
Glow Beauty Mask
... and ellagic acid, it helps protect against sun damage and collagen degradation, preserving skin firmness and elasticity. Yellow Australian Clay Natural clays possess antibacterial properties and have been used throughout ...
Probiotics+ Skin Rebalance
... Lactoferrin, Zinc, Vitamins E & C and Biotin. Skin Rebalance supports: Skin health and structure Collagen health Wound and skin healing Digestion of nutrients Intestinal microbiome Blended, quality-tested and packaged in ...
Enzyme Facial Exfoliant
... from Papaya) and Amino Complex act as a natural exfoliator to support increased cell renewal, restoring hydration ... anti-inflammatory benefits, preventing a breakdown of collagen and elastin. Made in Australia. Packaged in ...
... Grown Alchemist Detox Toner. This non-irritating natural facial toner helps visibly remove impurities while regenerating ... microcirculation and stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. Reishi Mushroom extract to ...
Age-Repair Sleep Masque
... appearance of wrinkles. This treatment helps stimulate collagen synthesis and skin renewal resulting in increased ... . Suitable for most skin types, particularly mature skin. Made in Australia. 100% recycled packaging.
The Jojoba Company
Overnight Renewal Cream
... which is loaded with potent anti-ageing antioxidants to protect the skin from free radicals and support collagen production, it also contains Buriti Oil and Marshmallow Extract that together offer anti-inflammatory, skin ...
Australian Certified Organic Rosehip Oil
... , which help to strengthen and protect the skin. It also supports the skin's elastin and collagen, helping to smooth out fine lines and wrinkles. Made in Australia, Certified Organic, Vegan, Certified Cruelty ...
100% Pure Cosmetics
Retinol Restorative Neck Cream
... even out and brighten the skin tone. This collagen-boosting, age-corrective cream is designed to give your ... post-recycled plastic/glass and printed with biodegradable soy ink. 100% Pure offices are run on solar energy.
Evening Primrose Age Revitalising Day Cream
... moisture barrier. Gotu-kola extract is added for increased collagen production and also Inca Nut oil, exceptional in its ... Concentrate. Made in Germany. NATRUE Certified Natural. GMO & Cruelty Free. Certified Biodynamic & ...
Evening Primrose Age Revitalising Night Cream
... hydrate and plump the skin; Gotu-Kola to help promote collagen production and Inca Nut oil, which is exceptionally high in ... Concentrate. Made in Germany. NATRUE Certified Natural. GMO & Cruelty Free. Certified Biodynamic ...
Detox Trio Cleansing Multi Mask Set
... separate areas of the face. The Revive Berry Gel Mask contains hydrating Hyaluronic Acid, Australian Lime Pearl ... to even out skin tone, support the production of collagen, and soften, strengthen and brighten the skin. It ...
Quench Coconut Mask
... is rich in alpha-hydroxy-acids (AHAs or natural fruit acids), which gently exfoliates the skin. This ... cells, it helps to even out skin tone, support collagen production, strengthen the skin, and firm and invigorate the ...
Get Started Kit - Age Defying
-5 Item Trial Pack
... to trial all 5 Andalou Naturals Age Defying products. This range uses the innovative Fruit Stem Cell Science, CoQ10, Bioactive 8 complex and Resveratrol to help boost elasticity, collagen production and smooth the skin ...
Bk Vitamin C - Face & Eye Serum
... skin types, including sensitive skin. Formulated with 100% active Kakadu Plum Extract, which contains potent ... rich phytonutrients, this unique serum works to promote collagen production and skin elasticity, even out skin ...
Br Organic Rosehip Oil
... cellular turnover and stimulating the process of collagen production to help minimise fine lines and ... acid aid in strengthening cell walls to lock in natural hydration. Australian made and owned. Certified Cruelty free ...
Superfood Crystal Glow Elixir
... C-rich Kakadu Plum, the Raww Elixir helps to improve the reduction of wrinkles and fine lines with an added collagen boost. A hybrid skincare and makeup elixir, use as a part of your skincare routine or your makeup look ...
& Snowflower Illuminating Face Oil
... those with dry or ageing skin. Created with 100% Australian-based botanicals, it imparts anti-inflammatory ... Plum and Emu Apple Seed Oil to help support collagen production, improve the texture of skin and diminish the ...
The Jojoba Company
-5 Item Pack
... melts away makeup, sebum and dirt without stripping the skin. Ultimate Serum 3ml Contains HumaColl21 a vegan collagen and Hyaluronic Acid to help plump and tighten the skin. Ultimate Youth Potion 15ml This facial oil is ...
SKIN COMPOST Mask Purple Power
... brighten your skin. This mask is packed with natural and organic ingredients that work in harmony to detox ... , which is high in vitamin C to help boost collagen production and brighten the skin. Kaolin and Bentonite Clay ...
Antioxidant Facial Oil Omega 3-6-9
... 3, 6 and 9 essential fatty acids and has been developed to specifically help fight free radicals and promote collagen production. Suitable for all skin types and can even be added to a cotton ball and used to remove ...
Butt Naked Body
Lighten Up Brightening Serum
... Help improve your skin hydration by using the Lighten Up Brightening Serum. Key benefits: Reduces inflammation Supports collagen production Soothing and moisturising Brightens and evens skin tone Vegan Made in Australia.
Butt Naked Body
Cleanse Dust Enzyme Powdered Cleanser
... potency by the amount of water you add. The powerful vegan cleanser is filled with rich antioxidants that will help stimulate collagen production while soothing, brightening and preserving the skin. Made in Australia.
Sweet Orange Balancing Cleanser
... and healing of blemishes. Lactic Acid assists in improving the natural moisturising factors within the skin, while helping to stimulate collagen production for a more hydrated and plump appearance. Potent exfoliating ...
Beauty Sleep Mask
... lacking lustre and prone to dehydration. Key Bio-Actives: Natural Hyaluronic Acid has the ability to hold 1000 times ... synthesis, which helps regulate the stability of collagen and elastin fibres vital to rebuilding skin ...
Jojoba Beads & Argan Oil Exfoliating Scrub
... Lime and Desert Lime to exfoliate dead skin cells revealing a softer and smoother complexion whilst encouraging collagen production. Delivers visible age-defying results. Suitable for: Normal to dry and/or sensitive skin ...
Eye of Horus
Seven Seed Sacred Oil
... regenerates the skin. The Seven Seed Sacred Oil is natural, nutrient-rich, and hand-blended, infusing a renewed ... with Hemp, Pomegranate and Baobab oil to boost collagen production and fight against fine lines, dark spots ...
Flower Nectar Ultra-Rich Face Cream
... with refreshing Tangerine for a citrus buzz. Flower Necter is formulated with Camellia flower, rich in plant collagen to help replenish the skin's barrier function and prevent water loss. Plus Watermelon to assist in ...
SKIN COMPOST Super Citrus Cleanser
... other blemishes. In addition, it is loaded with natural Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs), which gently exfoliate the skin, help to clear acne and stimulate the production of collagen to promote smooth, healthy skin. Made in ...
SKIN COMPOST Super Fruit Toner
... help to slow down the ageing process of the skin and exfoliate dead skin cells while supporting natural collagen production. Hyaluronic Acid works to significantly boost and preserve the skin's moisture levels, and Aloe ...
Buy now, pay later with
Nourished Life acknowledges the Traditional Owners of the land, and recognise their continuing connection to land, waters and culture. We pay our respects to Elders past, present and emerging.